Pearl Harbor Title
The World Today Confusion

How CBS' program reported the news.

When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, the role of radio news broadcasting was turned upside down. This was a significant event for American broadcast journalism because the news information was breaking so fast that Americans' preferred method for getting the news, via the print papers, no longer was effective; print media was not able to react quickly to these changing events. Americans realized these events were life changing for them and many turned to radio for more immediate information. The attack at Pearl Harbor was different because it meant a seismic shift in how the United States would move forward in the daily lives of Americans; and it meant a change in how radio would handle news reporting.

CBS was the only network whose regular programming on Sunday afternoon was a news program - The World Today - which aired at 2:30 p.m. The news program placed the network in a perfect conjunction of breaking news and at least thirty available minutes to cover the breaking events unimpeded by sponsor rules.

Unfortunately, no complete audio copy of that broadcast exists. There were also two different openings since the West Coast broadcast was sponsored by Golden Eagle Gasoline whose product only covered the western half of the United States; the East Coast version was sustained by the Columbia Broadcasting System.

This web page is an attempt to re-create without audio, how the program was heard. I will put italics those portions that are not verified but probably occurred somewhat similar to what I have constructed. The verified portions which do exist will be printed in normal typeface.

The time is approximately 2:25 p.m. Eastern Standard Time when a Flash bulletin appears on the United Press International teletypes:

Pearl Harbor Title

When CBS received the bulletin in their studio, they were preparing to broadcast their Sunday afternoon news program, The World Today. Suddenly Paul White, News Director, begins to change the whole program. John Daly will go on the air at the start of the program with the bulletin. Reports from Cairo and Geneva will be cancelled, Bob Trout reporting from London will stay on the schedule, but New York will first go to Washington for a reaction report from Albert Warner.

2:30:45 p.m. (Approximately)

ANNOUNCER: The World Today. The Columbia Broadcasting System now presents the latest developments as received by Columbia's newsroom, here in New York.

2:31:00 p.m.

JOHN DALY: The Japanese have attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, by air, President Roosevelt has just announced. The attack also was made on all naval andJohn Charles Daly at CBS microphone military activities on the principal island of Oahu. The news came in just after the two Japanese envoys in Washington made the appointment to call at the State Department, and follows reports from the Far East that Japan was ready to launch an attack on Thailand.

(At this point he repeats the bulletin and amplifies it. Most likely, he mentioned the report that a Japanese fleet was heading toward Thailand and possibly that we will hear a report on London reaction as well as a report from Albert Warner for Washington's reaction.) We take you now to Washington…

2:37:15 p.m. (Approximately)

ALBERT WARNER: (from Washington): The details are not available; they will be in a few minutes. The White House is now giving out a statement. The attack was apparently made on all naval and military activities on the principal island of Oahu. The President's brief statement was read to reporters by Stephen Early, the President's Secretary. A Japanese attack upon Pearl Harbor naturally would mean war. Such an attack would naturally bring a counter-attack, and hostilities of this kind would naturally mean that the President would ask Congress for a declaration of war. There is no doubt from the temper of Congress that such a declaration would be granted. This morning Secretary Hull talked with the Secretaries of War and of the Navy. Now the two special Japanese envoys, Admiral Nomura and Special Envoy Kurusu, are at the State Department engaged in conference with Secretary of State Hull. Their appearance at the State Department on this Sunday afternoon emphasizes the gravity of the Far Eastern situation, where hostilities now seem to be actually opening over the whole South Pacific.

Even more important than the visit of Tokyo's diplomats is this news which comes from Pearl Harbor and the news which comes from South Asia. Whatever the diplomats from Tokyo, or the Cabinet in Tokyo may be saying, there is a conviction in official quarters here that Japan has now cast the die.

All the bits of information which came to the State Department and the Navy yesterday and today indicated that Japanese transports containing troops were steaming into the Gulf of Thailand. Japanese warships were providing a heavy escort. Having rounded the southern-most point of French Indo China, the convoy had as its only obvious destination Bangkok, the capital of Thailand. It was on the basis of this information that President Roosevelt sent to Emperor Hirohito of Japan his personal message last night, a message which appealed to the Mikado for restraint and peace. It seemed to be a final plea from the United States, and if the activities today are substantiated, it is a final plea. For if Japanese troops attempt to capture Bangkok or attack Pearl Harbor, the delicate balance which has maintained peace in South Asia is destroyed.

The four powers - the United States, Britain, the Dutch East Indies and Australia - have given Japan an ample warning that invasion of Thailand would mean counter-action by the associated powers.

These Japanese envoys, Nomura and Kurusu, requested the appointment with Mr. Hull today. The engagement was set for 1:45 p.m. They arrived some minutes late and in turn were kept waiting before the door to Mr. Hull's office was opened to them at 2:20. In the meantime the President had prepared the statement which announced that Japan was attacking Pearl Harbor from the air. It is possible that the Tokyo diplomats wanted again to assure the State Department that the reports of Japanese troop movements in French Indo-China were exaggerated. They did that once before on instructions from Tokyo when the President propounded his question about those movements last Tuesday. At that time Tokyo replied that the movements were in North Indo-China to offset Chinese movements on the Indo-China border. The specific information of the State Department now and then was that the bulk of Japanese troops were being moved to South Indo-China, where they were in a better position to threaten Thailand.

The President's plea to Emperor Hirohito was also supported by a note of warning. The warning is supported by developments in preparations in this Capital. The meetings between Secretary Hull and the Secretaries of War and Navy this morning was an example of the plans that are being laid. It would be a mistake for Japan to believe that these preparations are any kind of bluff. Although officials in Washington are silent on what would be the definite consequences of a Japanese attack on Hawaii or of an attack on Thailand, there are indications of what is being considered, and the steps which may be taken this very afternoon.

The first would be a severance of diplomatic relations with Tokyo; an immediate Naval blockade in which the American Navy would take a leading part along with British units is the other probability. Both these steps could be taken by the President on his own executive authority. But an effective naval blockade, of course, could not continue long without hostilities. As a matter of fact according to the President's announcement those hostilities are already underway with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

And just now, comes the word from the President's office that a second air attack has been reported on Army and Navy bases in Manila. Thus we have official announcements from the White House that Japanese airplanes have attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and have now attacked Army and Navy bases in Manila.

We return you now to New York and will give you later information as it comes along from the White House. We return you now to New York.

2:41:30 p.m.

JOHN DALY: London in many respects has correlated its moves in the Far Eastern situation with the progress of American and Japanese discussions in Washington. Australia and Singapore and other Crown colonies have been made ready for any eventuality and the Far Eastern fleet has been created headed by the 35,000 ton Prince of Wales. For a direct report on British reaction to the latest moves on the Near East and the Far East, Bob Trout is standing by in the British capital. Go ahead London.

2:41:45 p.m.

BOB TROUT: London heard its first news from Hawaii and the Philippines from John Charles Daly in New York just a few moments ago. The report had not arrived in London before this Columbia program began. It is of course too early to give you any reaction, but as you know, the British government made plain what would happen if America became involved in the war with Japan some days ago. Bob Trout at CBS microphoneWe did get earlier that official report from Singapore that British air reconnaissance in the South China seas had confirmed the earlier report of Japanese activities. Japanese naval vessels including cruisers seen off the southern tip of Indo-China steaming toward the Northwest; that announcement backed up those earlier dispatches from Washington telling of heavy Japanese troop concentrations in Indo-China both ashore and afloat. About the President's message to the Emperor of Japan we heard nothing except the announcement and a message had been sent.

Today's Libyan communique says that yesterday an important battle was joined southeast of Tobruk where the main German tank forces have concentrated since breaking through the Tobruk corridor. These past few days, London newspapers have been full of discussions about Libya; arguments about the caliber of guns and the thickness of tank armor; about tank speed versus tank weight; about the airplane as compared to the anti-tank gun as weapons of destruction against enemy tanks. Through these lengthy articles there has run as the theme the conviction that Britain must counter the enemy's modern war technique with methods even more modern. Now not all this recent discussion is adversely critical; some think that the British armed forces have already learned a lot from hard experience in this war, but there are complaints that, for example, while British tanks in the desert layout at night like a defensive circle of covered wagons out west, the desert darkness is lit up with the flares of Panzer repair squads patching up damaged German tanks for the next day's battle.

It is interesting that a great deal of this discussion centers on the employment of air power. In the Libyan fighting, the Royal Air Force has played a larger part than in any previous conflict, but many military writers are saying that British planes still do not play the same integral part in a tank battle that the German planes do. A typical comment is this from last night's Standard: "Nobody in his senses would argue that the fleet should be without its own fleet air arm. So why do we send our soldiers out to fight without the same coordinated weapon." That is some of London's reaction to the battle of Libya. Latter, I believe, we shall hear a report on this broadcast, direct from Cairo.

Mr. Trout apparently did not know or forgot that Paul White had canceled the report from Cairo.

The British are disappointed about the recent experience of Dr. Julian Huxley in the United States. Just yesterday, the latest issue of The Spectator came out with some observations about British speakers in America. It said that Dr. Huxley is a speaker who will soon wear down any suspicion of propagandism.

The British people of not in London do not seem to think much about propaganda anyway. They think Britain's cause is good enough to stand on its own feet without any trimmings. They're more interested in the enemy's propaganda, which frequently causes amusement in London. German claims are printed among the newspapers and the airwaves over Britain are full of German radio programs. Listeners can tune in whenever they feel like it. A listener with a powerful receiving set soon discovers that the German radio speakers have one story to broadcast to one country and another quite different story to put out someplace else. Last night, for example, the German-controlled Norwegian radio announced that the United States Army has become converted to communism at least to the extent of installing political commissars. Now in case you have not heard that the United States Army is being run by political commissars, I thought I'd pass it along for that's what Norwegians were told last night.

I return you now to Columbia, in New York.

JOHN DALY: To recapitulate, the White House reported today, Japanese air attacks on the Hawaiian Islands and Manila in the Philippines. Now following a week in which the North African campaign has seen only local actions and a re-grouping of forces by both sides, Bob Trout reported or rather as he told you just a few moments ago that there is a resumption of hostilities on a major scale. These reports from North Africa are interesting in the North African campaign but, of course, the Far East still holds the center of the stage and will probably for some time. Here in the studio with me is Major George Fielding Eliot, Columbia's military expert, who will analyze now these latest developments in the Far East. Major Eliot…

2:46:55 p.m.

MAJ. GEORGE FIELDING ELIOT: The Japanese appear to be taking the offensive in an effort to delay and impede American operations in the Far East. Apparently confronted with a situation in which there was no escape except war, the Japanese attacked the main American Naval base in the Pacific at Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu in the Hawaiian Islands. This attack is by air and can only come from aircraft carriers. The Japanese do not have any bases close enough to the Hawaiian Islands from which to launch land-based aircraft. Major George Fielding EliotThis is a very great risk for the Japanese to place aircraft carriers within reach of the very powerful naval patrol bombers and the long range army bombers on the island of Oahu. This is a risk that can only be assumed as a very desperate measure, one that may well result in the loss of the carriers for making the attack, but may also gain for the Japanese important time to carry-out operations in the Far East of the damage that they may inflict on the naval base and shipping in Oahu, and thus delay the proceeding of the United States Pacific Fleet to the western Pacific. That is probably the Japanese object and we don't know yet, what success they've had in carrying it out.

A Japanese air attack is also being made on Army and Navy installations at Manila in the Philippines. Manila and its surrounding area is also of military importance but is far less formidable the character of its defenses as the island of Oahu and the Japanese consequently have a greater chance of getting away with the forces that they've sent there to make these attacks. The Japanese have probably seven aircraft carriers in commission and an unknown number of carriers from converted and Merchant vessels; or at least three or four of these and perhaps more with comparably small numbers of aircraft but together they make a formidable concentration and they can use or can operate about twenty aircraft on these converted carriers and anywhere from thirty to fifty aircraft from their larger carriers. We will include both scouting and bombing aircraft as well as fighters to protect the carriers but in a case like this a desperate forlorn hope business they have probably concentrated on bombers and put every bomber onboard the carriers that they will handle. They are expecting to take heavy losses and these losses may be expected but the question is how much delay they have purchased for the carriers they have risked. Whether there will be an actual attempt at a Japanese landing on the isle of Luzon to back up the air attack on Manila is not known. It is extremely unlikely that there will be any attempt at a Japanese landing on the isle of Oahu in the Hawaiian Islands; it is hardly probable that a Japanese expedition carrying troops in sufficient numbers to attack Oahu with any hope of success could have proceeded across the Pacific without some notice of it being had by our naval authorities. Consequently, it seems likely that this is an air attack and a purely delaying action on the isle of Oahu only but the attack on Manila may be one of more formidable forces and they include troops.

The Japanese policy apparently has been to delay as long as possible on the diplomatic front and carry on their military preparations in the meanwhile gaining as much time as they could. We've pointed out again and again in the course of these broadcasts that the Japanese are gaining time on the diplomatic front in order to improve their fighting chances and this is certainly borne out by what has happened.

We've just had a United Press flash. Oahu Island was attacked today by unidentified airplanes. That's another flash on the Japanese air attacks on Hawaii. Remember that Oahu is the military and political center of the Hawaiian group. The Island itself is one of the most formidable maritime fortresses in the world. Heavy guns defend the ports of Pearl Harbor and Honolulu; railway guns on tracks around the islands are able to be moved swiftly to any point. There is a very strong garrison which even a year or two ago numbered about 25,000 troops and probably now has been considerably increased. There are powerful naval and army air forces on the island, including some of the Army's longest-range bombers, four-engine bombers based on Hickam Field, so that any appearance of any Japanese force in the neighborhood is likely to suffer very severely as soon as they can be located by these long-range bombers.

JOHN DALY: Continuing on the Far Eastern situation, this time we go abroad to get a report direct from the danger zone, from Manila in the Philippines, which has been attacked as we have told you. CBS correspondent Ford Wilkins has watched Manila get ready for this attack, and now for the report of Ford Wilkins direct Manila…go ahead, Manila…

2:47:45 p.m.

FORD WILKINS: (from Manila): Thank you. The danger of panic is also great. Ford WilkinsWith the bulk of the population ?? there is sufficient gathering protection to make the city safe enough for those who remain. Whether war comes or not, the government seriously is considering closing its ?? and moving children to evacuation centers where ?? may be set up. While the immediate government problem is to raise some 15 million dollars to carry on. The original emergency fund is nearly exhausted. Newest problems are affected throughout the country and they are ?? places which are considered danger zones. They are likewise reflected throughout this whole Pacific area where war threatens. Hong Kong has mobilized completely and called up volunteers; Singapore's fighting forces are standing by ready for anything. In general, they have been preparing for many months. In time, the little buffer stage between French Indo-China and Guam potentially hit its highest peak. Japanese troops are battling it on the east and a large movement of Japanese ships accompanied by cruisers has been spotted by British patrol fliers from Singapore steaming up the Gulf of Siam toward Bangkok. Across the China Sea from the Philippines…

2:49:45 p.m.

At this point, the report stops as Ford Wilkins is cut off the air. There is static for 20 seconds followed briefly by a confused engineer who begins:

Due to line troubles beyond…

and he is cut off with 3 more seconds of silence, then:

We return you to CBS in New York…

JOHN DALY: (in mid-sentence is cut in) …broadcast a description of the attack made upon Manila. To carry on with the subject that he started to talk about, the sighting of transporters, or rather transports and cruisers believed Japanese in the Gulf of Siam moving towards Thailand. There is news also that comes from our correspondent in Singapore: he says that there are strongest indications there that Japan was to launch a joint naval and land attack upon Thailand with the immediate aim of capturing Bangkok. Brown (Cecil Brown) confirms the earlier report of Japanese merchant and naval ships sighted off Point de Camau at the southern tip of Indo-China and believed to have come from Saigon and Cam Ranh Bay. Major Eliot is still here in the studio beside us and this report raises a point which I think perhaps he may be able to clear up for us. Major Eliot, do you think that this attack upon Manila and the attacks upon the Hawaiian Islands may be to cover the attacks to be made by these transports and cruisers sailing up into the Bay of Siam and supposedly sailing up there to attack Bangkok?

Southeast Asia map

Click on the map on the left to see a large size. This will help visualize the discussion between John Daly and Major George Fielding Eliot.

MAJOR FIELDING ELIOT: I think very likely that's the case, Mr. Daly. The Japanese would fear above everything else the arrival of the United States Pacific Fleet in those waters. When that got there and Manila was still open to it, it would be able to cut the line of communications between Japan, between the home bases of Japan upon which everything depends, and the Japanese armies of Indo-China, which have no land connections at all with the main Japanese armies in China. So that the attack on Pearl Harbor is undoubtedly intended to delay the arrival of the Pacific Fleet by doing what damage is possible and if the carriers that make it are sacrificed, well that's just too bad.

JOHN DALY: Major Eliot, Cecil Brown reporting from Singapore also described British naval patrols as very active and all units of British Far Eastern Fleet recently bolstered by the Prince of Wales, one of Britain's newest and biggest battleships, ready for instant action. Do you think that the units of the British Fleet, which are now based at Singapore and which are cruising in the immediate area of the Gulf of Siam will be sufficiently strong to at least hold off that attack of the Japanese which is reportedly headed for Bangkok?

MAJOR FIELDING ELIOT: Well, so far only Japanese cruisers have been reported in the Gulf of Siam and they would likely to be cut off by British battleships operating from Singapore, but under the circumstances, one would be inclined to believe, that the main Japanese battle fleet may be somewhere in the vicinity with the purpose of perhaps trying to in turn cut the British off if they attack the Japanese concentrations in the Gulf of Siam, hoping that these Japanese ships would be able to get back toward their home bases before the American Pacific Fleet would arrive and in turn, there is the factor of the unknown in fact as yet of the Japanese air attack on Pearl Harbor which are intended to delay the movements of the Pacific Fleet.

JOHN DALY: Have you any information, Major, on the British shore defenses in Sarawak and North Borneo? Do you think they can make any great difference in this action that seems to be pending in the Gulf of Siam?

MAJOR FIELDING ELIOT: I think very likely that there are air bases there of considerable capacity. There was nothing two years ago in North Borneo and Sarawak. But the British have been working politely around the Isles of Labuan and also of shore both at Sarawak and farther north in the Crown Colony of British North Borneo and they probably have increased the air capacity over there very considerably. There also have been reports that heavy guns have been mounted at one or two ports along that coast with a view to establishing harbor defenses to protect them against immediate Japanese attack. However, the Japanese might attempt a landing in Borneo and if they are going all out on this desperate basis as they seem to be, they very likely will try to eliminate these air bases.

JOHN DALY: Well, now Major, we have here a bulletin that has just come in that says that policemen and firemen were ordered in a radio broadcast to go to Army and Navy posts immediately at Honolulu. And it brings up the question of the distance between Hawaii and Japan, which if I remember correctly is somewhere around 3800 miles. Would that indicate that the Japanese attacks upon Oahu were made from carriers necessarily or are there Japanese mandated islands which would be sufficiently well-developed to house either seaplanes or shore-based aircraft?

MAJOR FIELDING ELIOT: No, nothing that's near enough to direct an attack of any port. The attack must have been made from carriers. The nearest Japanese possessions in the Marshall Islands are so far from Honolulu that it's impossible to direct any serious air attack. Long range flying boats might do something but the Japanese would have no reason to do that. That would be merely a pin prick and it would have no serious effect. If the Japanese are attacking Hawaii, they're attacking it with a purpose of producing some substantial military effect and the fire effect that could be produced by what few long range boats could operate from the Marshalls are just not sufficient for the purpose.

JOHN DALY: Well, can you, perhaps, give us some light on the reason why the Japanese used even a small part of their forces for their attack on Hawaii rather than concentrating all of their strength on convening in the Philippines which might, since it's so much closer to Japan, it would seem, at least, be a more important part of the attack?

MAJOR FIELDING ELIOT: Well, the fleets in Hawaii and they hope to be able to damage the vessels in harbor and the installations at Pearl Harbor and affect if they can that they can delay the eastern movement of the fleet which after all is dependent on its supplies for the support of Pearl Harbor at base. The more damage that they can do to the base and to the ships that are still there; of course, we don't know the exact disposition of the American fleet and more they can delay any vigorous action by the United States deep in the Western Pacific because of the distances and the supply problem. Incidentally, the movement of the policemen and the firemen to important posts in Honolulu suggests the possibility that there may be some sort of a rising among the Japanese population from those Islands. There are a hundred and fifty thousand Japanese live in the Hawaiian Islands and some of them may be inclined to make trouble. Higher authority are supposed to have this problem very well in hand and we don't know yet, of course, whether anything of the sort is true or not.

JOHN DALY: Thank you, very much, Major Eliot. And now, Elmer Davis, CBS News Analyst, who was hurriedly called into our seventeenth floor studios as news of this new break in the Far Eastern situation came in is ready to analyze to some extent the political effects of this latest move by Japan. Elmer Davis.

3:01:45 p.m.

ELMER DAVIS: Well, the most interesting thing, Mr. Daly, is that it was a week ago yesterday the Japanese said they wanted two weeks more for negotiation. It was obvious that they were allowing themselves the limit, Elmer Davishoping that our military and naval forces would take them seriously which, obviously, we presume at least, that they have not done. Since they only actually wanted one week, it seems our forces are probably ready, we hope at least, in both Hawaii and the Philippines, and consequently, the Japanese move is probably anticipated in those points.

We just have a bulletin from London that President Roosevelt's announcement of Japanese air attacks on United States Pacific bases staggered London, which awaited fulfillment of Prime Minister Churchill's promise to declare war on Japan within the hour if she attacked the United States. Well, of course, the United States and Japan are not formerly at war; however, it seems probable that in view of the Japanese attacks, this is only a question for the re-assembling of Congress tomorrow, since if you have actually been attacked by the enemy, you can do but little else. Here's more direct detail from the front, from Honolulu. The smoke of anti-aircraft guns rose over Pearl Harbor Navy Yard. Heavy smoke also drifted up from Hickam Field in the Pearl Harbor area apparently from fires. Witnesses said fires broke out on Ford Island. The Japanese attack was evidently well planned, and they seem to have aimed at the principal points that they should have attacked; and meanwhile, of course, President Roosevelt's message to the Emperor of Japan is one of the questions, which is now passed into history. Ford Island is the Navy Air Base, Hickam Field is the Army Air Base, the Army bombing field and its apparent that the Japanese, who presumably attacked from carriers, as Major Eliot has pointed out, were trying to head off the reprisals from the Army and Navy bombers which might possibly come back at the carriers from which the Japanese planes set off. This doesn't leave very much for Admiral Nomura and Mr. Kurusu to say in Washington. They have served their purpose, Mr. Kurusu particularly. It might be remarked so far as Admiral Nomura is concerned and has many friends in this country; who has long been well-known here that he is, presumably, the kind of Japanese with whom we could have gotten along in past times, if his government had not been a government of a different sort. Admiral Nomura is a man who is well-known, as I say, and who is well-liked by many Americans and he is a reminder that there is still a type of Japanese in Japan although they have had but little say about their government policy the past ten years with whom we could get along if they were in power and who are, perhaps, the best hope of eventual relations between America and Japan. But something else will have to be done first.

Another bulletin from Hawaii; the attack was made by 50 unidentified airplanes and that the main targets appear to be Hickam Field, the Army bombing field, and the great Naval base at Pearl Harbor. Several planes were shot down.

This again, as I say, seems to reduce the futility all the diplomatic negotiations that were going on, but it seems probable that a statement of American policy and of the history of the recent negotiations are likely to be given out soon, which will show the efforts that our government has made to avert hostilities and to keep the Pacific question on a basis in which some peaceful settlement might still have been possible. Now it appears that the Japanese have positively rejected that. Perhaps only a faction of the Japanese but the faction which is now controlling their Army and their Navy and the faction which is in control of the government, so that that settlement of the issue is ruled out.

It was said that when General Tojo became Premier, that when we once had an Army man at the head of the Japanese government then it would be possible to make an arrangement with them, because the Army would no longer be in the background sabotaging any arrangement that might be made by civilian rulers of the country. The Japanese Army and Navy, of course, have a peculiarly powerful position and as much as they report directly to the Emperor, and that it was not possible, or at least has not been proved possible in the last ten or fifteen years for any civilian government to follow policies which the Army and Navy disapprove. And the argument when General Tojo came in was that now at least we had one of the ruling clique in control of the government, and an agreement made with him was something that would stick. But it appears that this particular ruling clique had no idea of making any agreement at all, that the sole purpose in their negotiations at Washington was to gain time and endeavor to throw American military and naval forces off guard, an endeavor which we hope has not been successful, so that they might make their attacks and head off American military and naval operations which might constrict Japanese operations in the Far East.

3:02:45 p.m.

JOHN DALY: Thank you, Mr. Davis. We have been on the telephone with our station KGMB which is in Honolulu and they report to us that the attacking planes number between 50 and 100, that the air raid is still on, and that the anti-aircraft fire can be heard in a steady drone as the attacking planes come in.>/p>

And Mr. Davis told you we received a bulletin just a little while ago which reported that there have been some of these, what Manila call, rather Honolulu calls unidentified planes shot down. And this latest report now from KGMB is all that we have to the moment. We will continue to receive reports from there, also from Washington, on the developments in our relations with Japan, the relations which will tell very shortly, the story in what is to happen in the month that are to come. And Columbia will bring you important news bulletins during the broadcast of the New York Philharmonic Society which follows this program and will also bring you a summary of all developments at the intermission time.

This is the Columbia Broadcasting System.

3:03:15 p.m.

At this point the New York Philharmonic broadcast begins, slightly delayed. CBS will continue to periodically interrupt the program with new bulletins.

Created: June 23, 2014

Copyright James F. Widner, 2014